The Western Drywood Termite

The western drywood termite, Incisitermes minor, is California’s second most important termite pest after the western subterranean termite. It is a native insect that has been here millions of years, typically attacking trees along stream washes and arroyos. In California drywood termites are most prevalent inside southern California and the Central Valley but also can be found infesting wood down the coast, in bay areas south of San Francisco, and in the southern California desert. For more information on the biology and distinguishing characteristics of this and other termite species common in California, see Pest Notes: Termites, listed in References.
Because of the difficulty in detecting drywood termites and determining the extent of the damage done, do-it-yourself treatments are not recommended; consult a pest control professional. Over-the-counter products with drywood termites on the label for do-it-yourself enthusiasts do not exist. Except for wood removal, homeowners should seek help from pest control professionals. This publication is intended to provide homeowners with sufficient background information so that they can better discuss treatment options with pest control professionals; it is not intended as a treatment guide.
Drywood termites are secretive insects and are difficult to detect. They live deep inside wood and, except during periods when they swarm or when repair work is being done on infested homes, they are seldom observed. Colonies are little (usually fewer than 1,000 individuals), can exist extensively detached, plus get years to mature. While a owner of a house may originally detect the presence of termites when they swarm or if fecal pellets are discovered, inspecting for drywood termites and determining the amount of an infestation need practice.
The minimum requirement by California state law for drywood termite inspections includes visual searches of accessible places. However, detection of difficult-to-find infestations may require removal of walls, paneling, in addition to stucco as well as the use of ladders and scaffolds. Throughout a visual inspection for drywood termites, inspectors look for feeding damage, shed wings, termite fecal pellets, and kickout holes, which are small holes the size of BB shot through that termites push fecal pellets out of the wood. Fecal pellets, hexagonal in shape, are diagnostic for drywood termites. However, whether the infestation is currently active or what the extent of the infestation is cannot be determined from pellets alone. Cleaning up the fecal pellets around a kickout hole and checking a few days later to see if new pellets have appeared can help to determine if an infestation is active. (Building vibrations/movements may cause some pellets to appear.) If an active infestation of drywood termites is found in your structure, you should have it treated.
Other detection methods include the use of dogs, odor detectors, and feeding-sensitive (acoustic emission) devices, but these are infrequently used. Fiber optics, borescopes, and movement-sensitive devices using microwaves have also been tried, but their reliability has not yet been scientifically tested on drywood termites. Except for feeding-sensitive devices, most detection methods are still considered experimental because adequate research has not been conducted on their effectiveness. Visual searches by inspectors for evidence of termites and damage remain the mainstay of the industry.
All drywood termite control methods can be categorized as either whole-structure or localized. A whole-structure treatment is defined as the simultaneous treatment of all infestations, accessible and inaccessible, in a structure. A localized or spot treatment is more restrictive, often applied to a single board or small group of boards. Homeowners are advised to know the distinction between whole-structure and spot treatments when deciding which method to select because all treatment methods are not equivalent.
Whole-structure treatments have an advantage over spot treatments in that they can eliminate all infestations, even hidden ones. With the uncertainty of current detection methods, particularly when drywall or other wall coverings conceal infestations, there is always some doubt as to the extent of dry-wood termite colony boundaries within homes. Consequently one can never be sure that all infestations have been treated when applying spot treatments.

Get the Bed Bugs Out of Your Clothes

Bed bugs have been exterminated from the US soil sometime in 1940’s and the 1950’s. The use of DDT has been succesful in eradicating these pests. However, international travelling and immigration have brought back to the US the exterminated, blook sucking pests. And establishments that are said to be the bed bugs exchange centers are: One, busses, two, trains, three, cabs, four, airplanes, and five, hotel rooms, six, motels and breakfast-inns.

Don’t you notice that the places where you can see bed bugs from and out of your clothes are transportation carriage and the place where travellers stay for the night? Right. Bed bugs are travellers and hitchhikers. You must know the ways on how to get the bed bugs out of your clothes when you get into these places.

You cannot get bed bugs out of your clothes simply by avoiding the mentioned hotspots. These places are unavoidable. They are part of our lives. But if you want to keep your house clean and free from bed bugs infestation, check out these Tips on How to Get the Bed bugs Out of Your Clothes.

** Simple Tips on How to Get the Bed Bugs Out of Your Clothes

Tip # 1: In a hotel, you can get bed bugs out of your clothes if you shake off your clean and used clothes for bed bugs the night before you check out. Having bed bugs in your things or clothes does not mean that you are filthy and stinking. Bed bugs do not stay on a certain area or place because it is clean or filthy. They stay in a place because they are attracted to carbon monoxide, of which humans exhale, and they feed on human blood.

Tip # 2: To get the bed bugs out of your clothes, you must make sure that the suitcase on which you will encase it is bed bugs free. Even if you shake your clothes just to get bed bugs out of your clothes, it won’t do good since the very suitcase that will carry your clothes with has bed bugs inside.

The night before you leave your hotel, remove any items that you have and the clothes inside your suitcase. Buy a water based insect killer and spray on the insecticide around the suitcase. Don’t spray on inside.

Then place your belongings and other items inside a clean, dry, bath tub. Bed bugs don’t like ceramics and marbles much, so they won’t be present anywhere near the tub. However, all the wood furniture near your bed are undoubtedly infested.

Tip # 3: Surer way to get bed bugs out of your clothes is to have your clothes, clean and used, to the laundry. Ask the laundryman to soak it in warm water for twenty minutes. Clinging nymps on your used clothes, especially the clothes you used on bed, will die when soaked in warm water.

Tip # 4: You can get bed bugs out of your clothes if you will resist the urge to sleep on the bed before you leave. The bed bugs may cling onto your sleeves as its last shot to draw blood from you and stay there before you leave.

Tip # 5: When you get home, remove all your clothing, and even socks, and soak them in warm water for twenty minutes. Do this immediately to avoid speading bed bugs around your house in case a female bed bug hitched at your collar or sleeve. A single female bed bug lays 300 eggs. And adult bed bugs can last for eighteen months even without feeding.

You might think that following the tips abovementioned will make you look like a person sufferring from obsessive compulsive. This is untrue. This is the best measure to do to avoid having your house getting infested with these nasty bugs. They are very hard to terminate once they invade your household. The best remedy for a bed bug infested home is to throw away every furniture around and abandon the place for three years. So which is easier and better to do? Prevent the bed bugs from coming your house or exterminate them instead?

Click here to get to my Bedbugs site.

Travis Armatige

Bed Bugs Alert: Know the Bed Bugs Symptoms

Many people these days are unaware of bed bugs symptoms. It is understandable since bed bugs together with some pests have been exterminated during the widespread use of DDT in the United States after World War I.

But because of international travel and immigration, bed bugs symptoms are making a comeback. But people don’t detect bed bugs symptoms until someone complains of excessive itching and has oval-shaped insect bite marks which are often mistaken as moquitoes or dust mites bites.

When a household experiences a typical bed bugs symptoms, they don’t check their mattresses, beddings, and couch uphosltery for bed bugs. Member of the household just spray gel-type insect spray to kill cockroaches or mosquitoes. But this kind of insect spray does not kill bed bugs, and therefore, furniture and upholstery remain bed bugs infested.

* Bed bugs – symptoms of infestation

How do I know if my home is infested with bed bugs?

A heavily infested home would have an offensive, sweet, musty scent. This odor is released by bed bugs’ through their scent glands.

Another bed bugs symptoms to look out for is fecal or excrement stains, egg cases, and shed skins of bed bug nymps in crevices, cracks or holes on the bed or near it. Furniture near the bed should be checked also. Bedroom wallpapers, bed springs and clothings in your dresser, should be examined for these reddish brown excrement stains.

Your living room couch should be checked for these stains, especially if you or any member of your family get bed bugs symptoms such as swollen bites after sitting from your couch. Every place in your house where a person stays more than 30 minutes must be checked for bed bugs.

— Hiding Places

A thin crack or seams of mattresses are one of the hiding place of bed bugs. Bed bugs wants to live closer to their source of food, which is human blood, so cracks near the bed or around the bedroom and livingroom are the primary places of bed bugs hiding places.

Once you find a bed bug in any parts of your house, the other parts of your house will undoubtedly have bed bugs too.

— Finding Bed Bugs

Inspect your entire house the moment bed bugs symptoms are detected. Dismantle the bed, check the headboard, inspect the seams of of your mattresses. If you found reddish brown excrement and sheddings of insect skin, it means that your house is infested with bed bugs.

If you detected these bed bugs symptoms, you must tear off your wallpaper too. Chances are that bed bugs have created their bigger colony under the wallpaper. Every wood furniture that you own should be inspected for bed bugs too. They may have bed bugs too because bed bugs prefer wood or cloth as their hiding place rather than plastic or metal.

Empty the contents of your nightstands and examine it inside and out. Tip it over to inspect the crevices, cracks, recesses and corners of the woodwork underneath. Since bed bugs love woods, there is a big chance that they are hiding in there.

— Some bed bugs facts

Bed bugs bites are often mistaken to mosquitoes or dust mites. So how would you know the bed bugs symptoms? Below are some basic bed bugs bite facts:

* Bed bugs feed by piercing human skin with its two elongated beaks.
* One of the beak injects saliva that contains anesthetic to reduce pain to pierced skin and an anticoagulant to keep the blood from clotting.
* The other beak sucks the blood.
* Bed bugs are nocturnal insects. They are very active during the night, especially an hour before the dawn breaks.
* Bed bugs are oval-shaped and flat, and they can therefore hide in extremely thin cracks which is the reason why their breeding site are very hard to find.
* An adult bed bug can live eighteen (18) months or longer without feeding and just stay in their hiding or breeding places until a host comes along and satiate their need for blood.
* Bed bugs are often called the hitchhikers because of their ability to travel long distances by riding on suitcases, luggages and clothings.
* Female bed bugs lay 300 eggs.
* After ten (10) days bed bugs nymps are hatched from eggs.

Click here to get to my Bedbugs site.

Travis Armatige

Effective Tips on Killing Bed Bugs

Bed bugs have become one of the most annoying insects that thrive in modern households. The purpose of this article is to kill Bed Bugs

In the United States, health experts and authorities that infestation of the insect ceased after the World War in the 1940s. But somehow, in the 1990s, bed bugs reappeared in local households.

There are a few factors that are believed to have led to the reoccurrence. For one, travelers from across the globe are blamed.

As bed bugs disappeared in the country during those decades, they have, on the contrary, proliferated in Europe, Africa and Asia.

The discomfort caused by bed bugs

Bed bugs are primarily blamed for a number of skin irritations. If you happen to wake up one morning with red and swollen parts all over your body, chances are, bed bugs have bitten you. They might have feasted on you while you were sleeping.

Bed bugs are tiny, wingless creatures that crawl into furniture surfaces, floor, walls and beds. They are so small, that one you can hardly look at them with your bare eye.

Bed bugs live in crevices and very small holes and cracks in floors, furniture, walls and ceiling. What’s more, they can even make your bed a big paradise and habitat and eventually consider you the unlikely guest in your own bed.

It is in this reason that most of you, for sure, want to kill every bed bug that will cross your sight.

But one thing, killing bed bugs is just as hard as actually capturing or looking out for them. Bed bugs go out of their hiding places at night time. They tend to hide and keep under their sanctuaries during daytime.

That is why, finding them is really a hard task. You know how harder it is to look after tiny crawling creatures at night.

Killing bed bugs
To effectively kill bed bugs, there are handful of guidelines and checklists that you should adhere to or follow.

As a start, you have to make sure that bed bugs really exist in the suspected areas. How could you kill bed bugs if there are no bed bugs in the first place to kill?

Second, inspect your room. Check the floor, the wall and the ceilings for tiny openings, cracks or holes that can store up or serve as a hiding place for these annoying insects.

Make sure to clean your room or the household regularly, taking particular attention to the suspected areas. It is this particular measure that will ensure that bed bugs will not thrive longer or will not choose to live with you.

There are handful of insecticides and pesticides that are deemed effective at killing bed bugs. These insecticides and pesticides are openly easily accessible and purchasable in the market. You do not need any prescription or permit to buy them.

But be sure you know how harmful and poisonous they are. They can really be effective in killing bed bugs, but they can also, unintentionally, kill you or other people that may come in contact with them.

Most insecticides that kill bed bugs come in the form of sprays. It is because sprays are the most effective form to carry out harmful chemicals to bed bugs’ system.

No, bed bugs are not killed by inhalation. They are too resilient in that department. Sprays work in killing bed bugs by destroying bed bugs’ protective covers or skin.

To be able to kill bed bugs by that means, manufacturers put powderized silicon and glass granules into the spray. When you spray such insecticides, some of the white molecules that are sprayed out are actually these powderized materials.

That fact makes sprays more dangerous to humans. Imagine what harm it may cause you if you inhaled such powderized materials. That may lead to internal wounds and minor hemorrhages inside your system.

To effectively kill bed bugs, it is advisable that you seek the help of professional pest control experts. They know better than you do for sure when it comes to killing bed bugs and other pests.

Pest control companies invest in personnel trainings, innovations and equipment to ensure the success of every pest control operation. Some of the equipments may even be non-affordable for you.

Travis Armatige
If you are still in doubt, feel free to buy my ebook at

The Truth Behind Articles on Bed Bugs

There are many written articles on bed bugs either on science journals or online. The growing interest in finding out what these creatures are, how they affect our lives and how we can stop them from spreading has lead to numerous articles on bed bugs.

These articles on bed bugs tackle many areas concerning the bed bug. The first type of articles on bed bugs that you may encounter describes what a bed bug is. A physical description of the parasite can help give us differentiate it from other parasites. Adult bed bugs are 1/4 inch long and are reddish brown in color, with oval and flat bodies. Often these articles on bed bugs provide photographs that make it easier for us to identify the insect.

According to articles on bed bugs, there are different types of bed bugs. Aside from the common bed bug that preys on human blood, there are bed bugs that prefer animal blood like birds or bats. To better understand it, articles on bed bugs offer a glimpse of the creature’s life cycle. Female bed bugs take their eggs and lay in hidden areas. They can give birth to 500 eggs during a lifetime. The eggs are very small, whitish, and may need magnification to be identified.

Articles on bed bugs mention that the eggs are sticky when first laid; making it stick to whatever surface they are placed. When they hatch, they are no bigger that a pinhead. As these bed bugs grow, they shed their skins. Some articles on bed bugs say that this shedding can happen five times before becoming adults.

Articles on bed bugs suggest that the speed of bed bug’s development rely on the right temperature, about 70 – 90° F. At that rate they can complete their transition from eggs to adult bugs in a month.

The articles on bed bugs say that cool temperatures and limited access to a prey can delay the full maturity of the bed bugs. However, this does not mean that they die easily. Other articles on bed bugs compare them to cockroaches in resilience. Bed bugs can survive months at a time not feeding. The adults can even stay alive for a year or more without a blood meal.

Some articles on bed bugs explain the how a bed bug’s nature and feeding habits. Bed bugs are nocturnal creatures. As parasites, they move unnoticeably within our homes, furniture, carpets, bed, etc. Articles on bed bugs say that although they can’t fly, they are very quick insects and can move with ease through almost every surface.

Bed bugs are patient parasites. When the bed bugs feed, they pierce the human skin with their beaks and suck the blood through. Articles on bed bugs explain further that unlike mosquitoes, bed bugs take their time in feeding. They get engorged after three to ten minutes. This slow method could be the reason why people do not wake up from a bed bug bite.

The most helpful articles on bed bugs are the ones that show us how to detect these pests in our homes. One sure sign that there are bed bugs under the sheets are dark brownish satins and spotting on the mattress. Articles on bed bugs identify this as the pest’s excrement or droppings.

The physical manifestations of a bed bug bite can be mistaken for other types of insects. But if tiny drops of blood on the sheets, pillowcases or walls accompany the itchy, swelling welt on your exposed skin, then you just may be sleeping with a pest on your bed.

Once you have confirmed that bed bugs do exist in your mattress, articles on bed bugs strongly suggest that you throw your bed away. Spraying pesticides on the bed may be poisonous for the owner, if he intends to sleep on it afterwards.

Where one bed bug lives, so there are hundreds more. Since articles on bed bugs say that bed bugs are hard to spot, you may want to hire pest control to check your entire home for any infestation. These bed bugs may also be living in your pet’s day bed or doghouse and are mistaken for ticks.

It pays to get the right information just like the articles on bed bugs. The truth can only be found if one searches for it.

Click here to get to my Bedbugs site.

Travis Armatige

What a bed bug can do to you

While all of this is great, what you want to know is what the bed bug will end up doing to you.

The good news is that bed bugs are not that dangerous to most people. While no one wants to have them around, they are not likely to provide you with any real problems, although in some people they can cause a higher level of reaction than others will have.

Bed bugs are often thought of in the minds of children as biting. In the sing song, “Don’t let the bed bugs bite,” they may have described just what the human can expect from the little bed bug.

The good news is that it is painless to the human. The bed bugs will likely feed from their host at night, while the host is sleeping and still.

Therefore, it is likely that the host, or human, will never feel it or will they see the bed bug actually bite them.

The bed bug will inject a liquid into the bite that it creates. This fluid is used to keep the blood from clotting and sealing up the wound. In most cases, the only way that you will know that you have been bit is by the reaction that some people have to this fluid.

If you do have a reaction to the fluid, it is likely to be something that is bothersome but not overly problematic. It will be an itchy, irritated and inflamed area of the skin.

But, each person is different here. Many people will not have any reaction to the bug bite at all, which makes it harder to know they are even there.

Harsher Reactions

Some people will react in a much more severe way. There is no way to tell which way you will react, until you do. If they react severely, it is likely that they will have a swollen and hard area on their area of their skin at the bite mark. It will be small and usually looks like a white welt on the skin.

If you have this serious of a reaction to the bug bite, you will likely have a great deal of itching to go along with it.

If you have serious reactions to the bed bug bite they can last from just a few hours to days. It is wise to seek out the help of a professional when you have these serious reactions to any type of bug bite.

One of the most common signs of bed bug bites is having three or more bite marks or welts in a row. This is thought to happen because the bed bug will become detached to the area, possibly by the host moving, and will then need to open a new piercing to draw blood from.

One thing to note about the bed bug is that they are different from flea bites. They will not have a red dot in the middle of the bite mark, but will be a solid color throughout the mark.

It is important to notice any marks that you may have that are small, bite like marks that you really can not explain.

This can be a sign that there are bed bugs lurking in your bed at night.

Travis Armatige

Termite Control in Wooden Buildings

Essentially, termite control is most often done with the use of chemicals. The chemical manufacturing companies have developed all sorts of eco-friendly chemicals that can help with termite control. Most of these chemicals are not harmful to humans and are extremely effective when it comes to eradicating a termite problem both before and after it starts.
There are lots of ways that you can approach termite control, however. If you are concerned about the effects of chemicals on our environment, then you might want to consider a green approach to termite control. That means you will have to remove any possible food sources for these foraging pests that can take over your home and eradicate the wood before you even know it is happening.
One study done in 2005 has shown some promise that the sap of the sugar pine tree could be one of the great termite deterrents that you can use. This study showed that the typical termite was disgusted by the sap of the sugar pine making it an advancement in natural termite deterrents like no one has been able to find as of yet. In Australia, any wood part of the termite-resistant Cyprus pine is a great deterrent.
The sad reality is that termites are amazingly resilient creatures. They look for a source of food and then are relentless in their pursuit of a feast for not only themselves but for the rest of their colony as well. They aren’t especially picky in what they eat as long as it is damp, dank, wet, and stinky. Oh, yes, and it should be made of wood or a wood product as well. What is frustrating to pest control experts is the lack of effective termite deterrents that aren’t chemical in nature.
As a society, we are tending toward “green” products in order to combat global warming and saving the ozone layer thus preserving the Earth from all of the man-made damaging agents we are introducing into the atmosphere. Termite deterrents that are not chemical are few and far between, however, which is frustrating for entomologists and scientists alike.
Famed humorist Ogden Nash is well known for his hilarious short poetry and sharp witticisms on human life. While he hasn’t written many poems to the termite, he did write one that has been studied by students in many grades and evaluated for its social relevance as well as humorous quality. His poem “The Termite” is as follows:

Some primal termite knocked on wood
And tasted it, and found it good!
And that is why your Cousin May
Fell through the parlor floor today.

I have a free and extremely good 7 part eCourse on Termites at my website.

For further information see:

Travis Armatige

Taken From:-

Who Are You Sleeping With – The Bed Bug Problem

Bed bugs are one of the most common insects in the World. Until a few years ago they were rarely seen because of the widespread use of DDT during the 1940’s and 50’s to exterminate all sorts of pests. However it is only in the recent years that they have been categorized as major pests and we are faced with a problem. They are tiny, brown insects that have a preference for humans.

What makes them a pest is that they are very resilient. The bed bug’s nocturnal behaviour makes it hard for people to identify if they have one on their furniture. It is not confirmed if they are aware that their hosts are asleep when they feed. There are people who have no reaction to bites from these bed bugs but some experience an itchy, swelling bump on the skin where they have had their fill.
The real bed bug problem is infestation of them on a grand scale.

Bed bug infestation has been a problem documented as early as medieval times in Europe or during the time of Aristotle in Greece. They are scientifically known as “Cimex lectularius”, they are wingless with a brownish ultra thin body. This type is found in temperate climates.

A starving bed bug looks different compared to one that is well fed. Young nymphs resemble the adults but have a yellowish color after malting. They use their highly developed mouthparts to bite and suck blood from the skin of an unsuspecting person. An adult can absorb around seven times of its own body weight in blood. An hour before dawn is bed bugs peak attack and they immediately retreat to its hiding place after feasting and then lays eggs again.

The bed bug comeback is mainly attributed to people traveling from country to country, from place to place and staying in bed bugs infested hotels and motels.

Bed bugs can live more than a year without feeding. When a mosquito bites you you feel the sting when it sucks the blood. You know immediately when you have a mosquito bite. With bed bugs it is different the itch will only be felt an hour or more after the bite. They pierce an opening in the skin and inject anaesthetics and anticoagulant, to avoid blood clotting, before it will suck blood from your skin.

A bed bug rash will appear an hour after you were pierced, it starts with an itch, but the rash won’t be visible yet when you feel the itch. With some people, the rash appears only after some days or week from being bitten. This depends upon the body’s reaction to the chemicals being secreted by them.

When a bed bug rash becomes visible, it may just be a single, swollen bump. For people who move a lot in their sleep the rash may look like a few in-line bite marks as they are disturbed during feeding time but will often use the same blood vessel when they continue their feed. One feed can take up to 10 minutes. When you notice that the rash is multiplying it means that other bed bugs are biting you as well.

I have an extremely good 7 part ecourse on my website:-

Travis B Armatige

Taken from—The-Bed-Bug-Problem&id=1719943

Termite Identification and General Habits

Even the mention of a termite can send terror into the heart of a homeowner. Many people know that a termite can cause huge damage to a home and when you take one termite and add it to another termite and then another and another and another, you might find yourself with a home that is not only unsound but extremely difficult to sell and live in. Many people know about the termite, but not many people know specifics about this pesky insect.
A termite – also known as a white ant – is a member of a group of social insects much like regular ants. They most often feed on dead plant material including wood, leaf litter, and soil. The termite can cause huge damage to structures such as houses, building, crops, and forests.
Unlike ants, termites do not roam around out in the open. They will either tunnel through wood (or other material) or else travel inside pencil-size (or larger) mud tubes that they build from soil, wood particles and other materials. You will find these tubes on foundation walls, floor joists or other parts of the house. Tubes may also hang from the floor system or may be found protruding from cracks between boards and beams and even through holes termites may chew through sheet rock on walls and ceilings
A termite inspection is a visual inspection of the readily accessible areas of a home for evidence of wood-destroying insects (WDI) and wood-destroying organisms (WDO). The inspector will conduct the termite inspection by visually looking at the entire interior of a home (including accessing and entering any sub-space such as basements and crawlspaces) and exterior of the property. In areas where Drywood termites are prevalent, and in houses where there are no sub-areas, the attic may also be accessed and inspected during a termite inspection.
Look on the Internet or in your local library for termite pictures so that you can easily identify the various types of termites. Once you know what the termite looks like, then you can take measures to get rid of them. Termite pictures will show you the specific qualities of each type of termite and allow you to take action quickly before they can do a lot of damage.
While a termite is a dreaded insect for most people, they are easily recognized and easily controlled when you know that you have a problem. If you take the time to know about the common termite, see the signs that you may have a termite problem, and then take steps to alleviate the problem, you will have much luck in repairing the damage that these invading insects can do.

When someone is confronted with the spectre of an infestation of Termites, it is a very daunting matter. The possibility of securing an immediate ebook on the subject would be essential. I have a free and extremely good 7 part eCourse on Termites at my website.

For further information
Travis B Armatige

Taken from